Mémorial de Caen: Gypsies and the Holocaust


What I think makes Mémorial de Caen such an excellent museum is the variety of exhibitions the museum has on offer. One of which details the persecution of the gypsy population in Normandy in the years prior to the D-Day Landings.

Genocidal massacres of the gypsies were carried out in several areas of Europe, in a similar manner to the Jews. However, this extermination was not systematic and not a result of the Nazis’ racial policy. Instead the destruction of many gypsy communities occurred on a local level, and this means not much is known. It is difficult to establish an accurate estimation of how many individuals were killed in these attacks, particularly at a European level. The death tolls vary from about 50,000 murders to 200,000.

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